The 2020 Census counts every person living in the United States and the five U.S. territories.
The count is mandated by the Constitution and conducted by the U.S. Census Bureau, a nonpartisan government agency. Each home will receive an invitation to respond to a short questionnaire—online, by phone, or by mail. The 2020 Census will be the first time that you will be able to respond to the census online.
- African Americans
- Asian Americans
- Immigrant and Foreign-Born Audiences
- Multigenerational Households
- Older Americans
- Shape Our Children’s Future/ Español
Learn more about specific topics at-a-glance with Census Bureau Fact Sheets.
2020 Census Guide
The goal of this census is to count every living person in the U.S. once, only once, and in the right place. We need your help to make sure everyone in your community gets counted.
Census data are important.
The U.S. Constitution requires a census every 10 years. The results are used to determine the number of seats each state has in Congress, draw boundaries for voting districts, and determine how more than $675 billion in federal funding is spent in communities each year.
Taking part is your civic duty.
Completing the census is required; it is a way to participate in our democracy and say “I count!” Your information is confidential.
Federal law protects your responses.
Your answers can only be used to produce statistics and cannot be used against you by any government agency or court.
Links to Census Guide:
The 2020 Census Matters
Your response matters and we all need to be counted!
Getting a complete and accurate count in 2020 is critical to ensuring your representation in Congress as well as important services for our community. Health clinics. Hospitals. Police and Fire departments. Schools. Roads and highways. The census shapes these and many other aspects of your community.
- Census statistics determine how billions of dollars in federal funds flow into states and communities each year – for the next ten years.
- The count determines how many seats in Congress each state gets and defines voter districts.
- The Census is mandated by the U.S. Constitution in Article 1, Section 2, and has been conducted every 10 years since 1790.
What to Expect in the Mail
By April 1, 2020, every home will receive an invitation to participate in the 2020 Census. Once the invitation arrives, you should respond for your home in one of three ways: online, by phone, or by mail.
- Most areas of the country are likely to respond online, so most households will receive a letter asking you to go online to complete the census questionnaire
Letter Invitation and Paper Questionnaire
- Areas that are less likely to respond online will receive a paper questionnaire along with their invitation. The invitation will also include information about how to respond online or by phone.
COUNTDOWN TO APRIL 1, 2020 Census Day
Census Day Countdown:
Resources For Educators
Brand new resources specific to the 2020 Census for Pre-K through 12 classrooms.
- Pre-K: I Count, You Count!
- K-2: Let’s Get the Count Right
- 3-4: Population Change Over Time
- 5-6: City Planning With Census Data
- 7-8: Exploring Questions for the 2020 Census
- 9-12: How the Census Impacts My Community
Activities available for English Language Learners (ELL) and Adult English as a Second Language Learners (ESL)