Safety Patrols at elementary schools are selected from fourth grade students in the spring of the preceding year. Students are selected by teachers, principals and patrol sponsors. In some cases, students must complete an application during the spring preceding the year they will serve, to be selected to serve on the safety patrol. They must exhibit responsibility, academic achievement, commitment and good attitude toward others. Each school site will determine how many posts they will need for the year.
School safety patrol trainees are usually chosen before school ends the year before starting at their post. They will have at least two weeks of "on the job" training with current patrol members where they will shadow them and see what the responsibilities are. When the training period is over and the trainee is able to demonstrate the ability and confidence to take over, the new patrol will take over the post. In many cases, new patrols take over before the school year ends.