Class Size, School Concurrency, Level of Service
1. Class Size Reduction is listed as a consideration for boundary planning. What might cause a school to not meet Class Size Reduction targets?
Currently most schools are anticipated to remain under 100% of their gross capacity and therefore have sufficient physical capacity to meet the Class Size Reduction mandate. As such, failure to meet Class Size Reduction requirements is more likely to be due to a lack of sufficient funding for teaching staff than lack of physical space.
2. What are the class size reduction targets?
In 2002, citizens approved an amendment to the Florida Constitution that set limits on the number of students in core classes (Math, English, Science, etc.) in the state's public schools. Beginning with the 2010-2011 school year, the maximum number of students in each core class would be:
- 18 students in prekindergarten through grade 3;
- 22 students in grades 4 through 8; and
- 25 students in grades 9 through 12.
In 2003, the Florida Legislature enacted Chapter 2003-391, Laws of Florida which implemented the amendment by requiring the number of students in each classroom to be reduced by at least two students per year beginning in the 2003-04 school year, until the maximum number of students per classroom did not exceed the requirements in law. Compliance with the amendment would be determined as follows:
- 2003-2004, 2004-2005 and 2005-2006 at the district level
- 2006-2007, 2007-2008, 2008-2009 and 2009-2010 at the school level
- The 2009 Legislature extended the calculation at the school level for an additional year to include 2009-2010.
- 2010-2011 and subsequent years at the classroom level
For additional information regarding class size reduction, go to:
3. How does class size, school concurrency level of service, and the State Plant Survey impact school boundary planning?
The boundary process is impacted by state-mandated class size reduction, school concurrency, and the 2008 State Educational Plant Survey.
In 2008 the State Plant Survey process looked at how much total capacity existed in the District against State projected enrollment. The State found that there were approximately 34,000 total seats available throughout the District to meet current and future enrollment needs. As a result, the State will not fund any new school or classroom additions that were not already under Total Project Management (TPM) contract. For school boundaries, it means schools must meet period-by-period class size reduction and school concurrency level of service (LOS) with space available throughout the District. In some cases, available space may not be adjacent to the school needing immediate relief which could result in a domino of school boundary changes.
School Concurrency compounds space utilization. School concurrency requires school enrollment to be concurrent with future planned residential growth. By 2008 an interlocal agreement was adopted by the School Board, County, and each municipality so that each school must have a plan where enrollment is no more than the Level of Service (LOS) defined as 100% of a boundared school's gross FISH capacity or 110% of a school's permanent FISH capacity, whichever is greater.
Class Size Reduction (CSR) requires all core classes to have no more than 18 students per classroom for grades prekindergarten through 3, 22 students per classroom for grades 4 through 8, and 25 students per classroom for grades 9 through 12. Since 2004 Broward Public School Enrollment has declined. This means most schools now have space within their school facility to meet class size requirements. An overcrowded school may meet the class size mandate through the targeted use of teachers and focused scheduling efforts. The CSR mandate not being met in a school by these strategies may require a boundary change to be able to meet the CSR mandate.
For additional information contact BCPS, Growth Management, (754) 321-2160.